“Fulfill your promise towards the one who entrusted you, but don’t betray the one who betrayed you.” – Prophet #Muhammad
Some brief thoughts on this hadith:
– Hadith is narrated by Abu Huraira, reported in AlJami, authenticated by Sh Al-Albani
– Good treatment extends to all, especially if they are good to you
– True mark of character is to extend good treatment towards the one who is hostile towards you
– Fulfillment of promises is a hallmark of the believer, whereas betrayal is the hallmark of the hypocrite
And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you. [2:191]
And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. [9:5]
And prepare against them whatever you are able of power and of steeds of war by which you may terrify the enemy of Allah and your enemy and others besides them whom you do not know [but] whom Allah knows. [8:60]
So when you meet those who disbelieve [in battle], strike [their] necks until, when you have inflicted slaughter upon them, then secure their bonds, and either [confer] favor afterwards or ransom [them] until the war lays down its burdens. [47:4]
Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled. [9:29]
Read this great article from the folks at Spiritual Perception to find out more details. If reading isn’t your thing, then the following graphic is a great summary.
Let’s revive a sunnah of going to Eid-ul-Adha prayer.
1) Shower and dress up.
2) Don’t eat anything before prayer.
3) Make takbir.
4) Change your route when you return.
Step 1: Shower and Dress Up
قال ابن القيم: ( كان يلبس لهما أجمل ثيابه وكان له حلة يلبسها للعيدين والجمعة. وكان ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما يغتسل للعيدين
أخرجه ابن أبي شيبة وعبدالرزاق(3/309) بأسايد صحيحة
Ibn Qayyam said, “The Prophet [SAWS] used to wear for the two Eids the most beautiful of his clothes. And he had a robe that he used to wear for the two Eids and Jum’ah. And ibn Umar [RA] used to bathe for the two Eids.”
[This narration is in Ibn Abi Shaibaah and Abdur Razzaq and is authentic]
Step 2: Don’t Eat Before Leaving for Prayer
يسن أكل تمرات وتراً قبل الخروج إلى الصلاة في عيد الفطر لما رواه البخاري عن…
The translations for the Ayaat are taken primarily from M. A. S. ABDEL HALEEM’s translation with some changes and noted exceptions.
Those who persevere patiently will be given their reward in full without measure.
Key to Victory/Success in Dunya
When they [the children of Israel] became steadfast and believed firmly in Our messages, We raised leaders among them, guiding them according to Our command.
We made those who had been oppressed succeed to both the east and the west of the land that We had blessed. Your Lord’s good promise to the Children of Israel was fulfilled, because of their patience, and We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people were making and what they were building.
They grieve at any good that befalls you [believers] and rejoice at your misfortunes. But if you are steadfast and conscious of God, their scheming will not harm you in the least: God encircles everything they do.
Key Reason for the Jazaa and Rewards of Jannah
Surely whoever is pious and (endures) patiently, then surely Allah does not waste the reward of the fair-doers [Dr.Ghali]
Today I have rewarded them for their patience: it is they who will succeed.
These servants will be rewarded with the highest place in Paradise for their steadfastness.
They will be given their rewards twice over because they are steadfast, repel evil with good, and give to others out of what We have provided for them.
and we reward them, for their steadfastness, with a Garden and silken robes.
The Reason for Peace/Safety and Congratulations from the Malaaikah
Can someone who knows that the revelation from your Lord is the Truth be equal to someone who is blind? Only those with understanding will take it to heart; those who fulfill the agreements they make in God’s name and do not break their pledges; who join together what God commands to be joined; who are in awe of their Lord and fear the harshness of the Reckoning; who remain steadfast through their desire for the face of their Lord; who keep up the prayer; who give secretly and openly from what We have provided for them; who repel evil with good. These will have the reward of the [true] home: they will enter perpetual Gardens, along with their righteous ancestors, spouses, and descendants; the angels will go in to them from every gate, ‘Peace be with you, because you have remained steadfast. What an excellent reward is this home of yours!’
A Small Price to Pay
From Ibn Rajab (Fadl ‘Ilm al-Salaf ‘Alaa al-Khalaf):
It is necessary that the believer have patience for a short while such that through it he will attain everlasting bliss. If he despairs and becomes impatient, he is as ibn al-Mubaarak said,
“Whoever is patient,then how little is he patient for. And whoever is impatient,then how little does he enjoy himself.”
Al-Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee used to recite the following lines of poetry,
O my soul! It is nothing but a few days of patience; It’s duration is like muddled/jumbled dreams. O my soul! Pass through the world quickly; And leave it alone, for the (true) life is certainly ahead of me.
Allah’s Common Surah Ending Command
so be patient, for God’s promise is true: do not let those with no firm beliefs discourage you.
Be steadfast [Muhammad], like those messengers of firm resolve. Do not seek to hasten the punishment for the disbelievers: on the Day they see what they had been warned about, it will seem to them that they lingered no more than a single hour of a single day [in this life]. This is a warning. Shall any be destroyed except the defiant?
You who believe, be steadfast, more steadfast than others; be ready; always be mindful of God, so that you may prosper.
Advice by Abu Ibrahim, a master’s student at MEDIU. The original comment can be found here.
Having completed my first term at MEDIU on the master’s program I thought I would share some information for the benefit of prospective master’s students. The information provided on the university website unfortunately does not give a clear picture as to what the student should expect.
Firstly, the student has to choose either full-time or part-time mode of study. The full-time option involves enrollment on 4 or 5 units, whilst the part-time option means registering on 2 or 3 units. Each unit comprises a 5,000 word research paper, two short assignments (typically one or two pages in length) and the mid-term and final exams. In theory it is possible to complete the program within two years; however the constraining factor for most students will be the research paper which takes considerable time and effort to research and write. There are also four live lectures the student must attend to be eligible to enter the exams. The lectures essentially involve the instructor summarizing /reading verbatim one or more lessons and do not really have much impact on exam performance and attendance is more just an administrative requirement.
The master’s program differs from the bachelors program in a number of respects; there are no power-point style summaries of the course texts meaning that the onus is on the student to produce his own concise summary for revision purposes (with the exception of Manhjul Bahth). Each text consists of about 500 pages, so high level study skills are needed to sort the wheat from the chaff. Also another key difference is that both the mid-term and final exam includes written questions, alongside the usual multiple choice questions, which account for around 40% of the score. To score at the highest levels in the examinations a very detailed study of the text is needed (as some of the questions are looking for obscure detail), but for those wishing to gain the qualification with a good result, a solid, general understanding of each and every chapter (from my experience at least) should suffice.
My advice to prospective master’s students is to start the research papers as early in the term as possible, once the selected title(s) have been posted, to avoid unnecessary stress later on down the line. It is also advisable to use the period before term begins to start reading and summarizing the course texts; the texts are freely available on the university’s website. I believe that with a strategic approach it is possible to complete the masters in a short period of time with a good result inshallah.