عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، رَضِيَ الله عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: “مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ ذِبْحٌ يَذْبَحُهُ فَإِذَا أُهِلَّ هِلَالُ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَلَا يَأْخُذَنَّ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَلَا مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى يُضَحِّيَ.”
أخرجه مسلم، والنسائي وابن ماجه
It is narrated from Um Salamah, the wife of the Prophet [RA] that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Whoever is sacrificing an animal (for Eid-ul-Adha) should not cut/trim his hair or his nails once the moon is sighted for the month of Dhul Hijjah until the sacrifice is made.”
[Reported Muslim, Nasa’i and ibn Majah]
Vocabulary from the Hadith
ذِبْحٌ – a sacrifice, particularly a slaughtered animal.
هِلَالُ – moon (in its early stages).
شَعْرِهِ – his hair.
أَظْفَارِهِ – his nails.
Lessons from the Hadith
– The ruling of not cutting the hair or trimming nails lasts from the beginning of Dhul Hijjah till the time of the sacrifice.
– If someone accidentally cuts the hair/trims the nails, there is no problem in that. If someone accidentally does it, they have to seek forgiveness from Allah. There is no ransom/expiation (fidyah) necessary.
– This is part of the rituals of Hajj and one of the rites (sha’aair) of Allah. Allah says, “ذَٰلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ – Thus it is. He who honors the symbols/rites set up by Allah shows the piety of his heart.” (22:32)
– Ibn al-Qayyim comments on this hadith: “The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم commanded to leave the hair and the nails in the first 10 days so that they can be cut/trimmed with the sacrifice. This – the cutting of hair/nails with sacrifice – is part of the perfection of the slaughter in the sight of Allah.
This is also evident in the aqeeqah; that when the slaughter is made for the newborn, “they should shave his head” (hadith). So this points to the fact that cutting/shaving of hair with slaughter is better and more suitable.”