Sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha

Bismillah.

عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، رَضِيَ الله عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: “مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ ذِبْحٌ يَذْبَحُهُ فَإِذَا أُهِلَّ هِلَالُ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَلَا يَأْخُذَنَّ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَلَا مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى يُضَحِّيَ.”

أخرجه مسلم، والنسائي وابن ماجه

It is narrated from Um Salamah, the wife of the Prophet [RA] that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Whoever is sacrificing an animal (for Eid-ul-Adha) should not cut/trim his hair or his nails once the moon is sighted for the month of Dhul Hijjah until the sacrifice is made.”

[Reported Muslim, Nasa’i and ibn Majah]

Vocabulary from the Hadith

ذِبْحٌ – a sacrifice, particularly a slaughtered animal.

هِلَالُ – moon (in its early stages).

شَعْرِهِ  – his hair.

أَظْفَارِهِ  – his nails.

Lessons from the Hadith

– The ruling of not cutting the hair or trimming nails lasts from the beginning of Dhul Hijjah till the time of the sacrifice.

– If someone accidentally cuts the hair/trims the nails, there is no problem in that. If someone accidentally does it, they have to seek forgiveness from Allah. There is no ransom/expiation (fidyah) necessary.

– This is part of the rituals of Hajj and one of the rites (sha’aair) of Allah. Allah says, “ذَٰلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ‌ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ – Thus it is. He who honors the symbols/rites set up by Allah shows the piety of his heart.” (22:32)

– Ibn al-Qayyim comments on this hadith: “The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم commanded to leave the hair and the nails in the first 10 days so that they can be cut/trimmed with the sacrifice. This – the cutting of hair/nails with sacrifice – is part of the perfection of the slaughter in the sight of Allah.

This is also evident in the aqeeqah; that when the slaughter is made for the newborn, “they should shave his head” (hadith). So this points to the fact that cutting/shaving of hair with slaughter is better and more suitable.”

How to go to Eid-ul-Adha Prayer

Bismillah.

Let’s revive a sunnah of going to Eid-ul-Adha prayer.

Summary:

1) Shower and dress up.

2) Don’t eat anything before prayer.

3) Make takbir.

4) Change your route when you return.

Step 1: Shower and Dress Up

قال ابن القيم: ( كان يلبس لهما أجمل ثيابه وكان له حلة يلبسها للعيدين والجمعة. وكان ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما يغتسل للعيدين
أخرجه ابن أبي شيبة وعبدالرزاق(3/309) بأسايد صحيحة

Ibn Qayyam said, “The Prophet [SAWS] used to wear for the two Eids the most beautiful of his clothes. And he had a robe that he used to wear for the two Eids and Jum’ah. And ibn Umar [RA] used to bathe for the two Eids.”

[This narration is in Ibn Abi Shaibaah and Abdur Razzaq and is authentic]

Step 2: Don’t Eat Before Leaving for Prayer

يسن أكل تمرات وتراً قبل الخروج إلى الصلاة في عيد الفطر لما رواه البخاري عن أنس أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان لا يغدو يوم الفطر حتى يأكل تمرات ويأكلهن وتراً.
أما في عيد الأضحى فالسنة ألا يأكل حتى يرجع من المصلى فيأكل من أضحيته إن كان له أضحية، وذلك لما رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه وأحمد من
حديث بريدة (أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان لا يأكل يوم الأضحى حتى يرجع). زاد أحمد: (فيأكل من أضحيته

It is sunnah to eat dates in odd numbers before leaving for the prayer of Eidul Fitr, as narrated from Bukhari from Anas [RA] that the Prophet [SAWS] used to not leave for the prayer of Eidul Fitr until he ate dates, and he ate an odd number.

As for Eidul Adha, the sunnah is to not eat until returning from the prayer and to eat from the sacrificial meat if it is available, as narrated by Tirmidhi and ibn Majah and Ahmad in the hadith from Buraidah [RA] that, “The Prophet [SAWS] used to not eat on Eidul Adha until he returned (from prayer)” and in the narration from Ahmad, “and he would eat from his sacrificial meat”.

Note: If the sacrificial meat isn’t available, then it is not a problem, insha Allah.

Step 3: Make Takbir

وجاء عن عمر رضي الله عنه: ( أنه كان يُكبّر من صلاة الغداة يوم عرفة إلى صلاة الظهر من آخر أيام التشريق )
رواه ابن أبي شيبة بسند حسن

It is narrated about Umar [RA] that he used to make Takbir from the Fajr prayer on the day of Arafah (9th of Dhul Hijjah) until the Dhuhr prayer of the last day of Tashreeq (13th of Dhul Hijjah).

[Narrated by ibn Abi Shaibah with a good chain of narration]

Note: A good handout on the forms of the takbeerat.

Step 4: Change Your Route When You Return

عن جابر قال:  كان النبي إذا كان يوم عيد خالف الطريق
رواه البخاري
أي يخرج عن طريق ويرجع عن طريق آخر

It is narrated from Jabir [RA] that on the day of Eid, the Prophet [SAWS] used to change his route (to/from the prayer).

[Narrated by Bukhari]

Explanation: He [SAWS] would go to prayer from one route and return from another route.

Slaughtering on Eid-ul-Adha: Is it Obligatory?

Bismillah.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: “مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ سَعَةٌ وَلَمْ يُضَحِّ فَلَا يَقْرَبَنَّ مُصَلَّانَا”.

أخرجه ابن ماجه، والحاكم وصححه الألباني.

It is narrated from Abu Hurairah [RA] that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said,

“Whoever has the capacity to offer a sacrifice (i.e. slaughter an animal as a sacrifice) and he doesn’t do so should not come close to our place of prayer (i.e. the place of Eid prayer, meaning shouldn’t come close to the Eid salah).”

[Reported by ibn Majah and Hakim, authenticated by Sh Al-Albani]

Vocabulary from the Hadtih

سَعَةٌ – capacity.

يُضَحِّ – to sacrifice, to offer a ritual sacrifice by slaughtering an animal.

مُصَلَّانَا – our place of prayer.

Lessons from the Hadith

Sh Ali ibn Hasan Al-Halabi comments:

“The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that the one who doesn’t offer a sacrifice should not come close to our place of prayer. And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said in another hadith that ‘Its a responsibility for the people of every household that they offer a sacrifice every year’.

The scholars, however, have differed in the ruling of sacrifice. The majority says that it is a very highly recommended act, one that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم always did (sunnah muakkadah). The Hanafis and ibn Taymiyyah say that it is obligatory.

However, it is established that the two great companions – Abu Bakr and Umar – used to not offer a sacrifice in some years. It is said that they did it so that the people do not suppose this to be an obligation. So this is what Abu Bakr and Umar did in the earliest of times, doing so to clarify what they saw as the correct opinion in the ruling of sacrifice. However, this does not render a capable, relatively well-off person free of the responsibility of offering a sacrifice. Rather, he should offer the sacrifice every year until he dies. Sh Al-Albani used to say, ‘Many people take loans for wordly things. There is nothing preventing them for taking loans for religious rituals, like ritual sacrifice!’

The correct ruling is that it is not obligatory. However, its very highly recommended and should be done every year.”

 

How to Remove Sins

Bismillah.

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُ قَالَ: قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَوْصِنِي, قَالَ: “إِذَا عَمِلْتَ سَيِّئَةً فَأَتْبِعْهَا حَسَنةً تَمْحُهَا” قِيلَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَمِنَ الْحَسَنَاتِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ؟ قَالَ: “هِيَ أَفْضَلُ الْحَسَنَاتِ”. أخرجه أحمد (5/169 ، رقم 21525) وحسَّنه الألباني في “السلسلة الصحيحة” (3 / 361).

It is reported by Abu Dharr [RA]:

I said, “Oh Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, advise me!”

He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, “When you do a bad deed, follow it up with a good deed that will erase it”.

It was said, “Oh Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, is La ilaha ill-lal-lah from good deeds?”

He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, “It is the best/most virtuous of good deeds.”

[Narrated by Ahmad, verified by Sh. AlAlbani]

The Story of Suhaib Ar-Rumi, the Companion

Bismillah.

This long hadith is a fascinating encounter between Suhaib Ar-Rumi and Umar Al-Farooq.

عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ أَنَّ صُهَيْبًا رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُ كَانَ يُكَنَّى أَبَا يَحْيَى وَيَقُولُ إِنَّهُ مِنْ الْعَرَبِ وَيُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ الْكَثِيرَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُ: يَا صُهَيْبُ مَا لَكَ تُكَنَّى أَبَا يَحْيَى وَلَيْسَ لَكَ وَلَدٌ وَتَقُولُ إِنَّكَ مِنْ الْعَرَبِ وَتُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ الْكَثِيرَ وَذَلِكَ سَرَفٌ فِي الْمَالِ فَقَالَ صُهَيْبٌ: إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَنَّانِي أَبَا يَحْيَى وَأَمَّا قَوْلُكَ فِي النَّسَبِ فَأَنَا رَجُلٌ مِنْ النَّمِرِ بْنِ قَاسِطٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَوْصِلِ وَلَكِنِّي سُبِيتُ غُلَامًا صَغِيرًا قَدْ غَفَلْتُ أَهْلِي وَقَوْمِي وَأَمَّا قَوْلُكَ فِي الطَّعَامِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَقُولُ:
خِيَارُكُمْ مَنْ أَطْعَمَ الطَّعَامَ وَرَدَّ السَّلَامَ
فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي يَحْمِلُنِي عَلَى أَنْ أُطْعِمَ الطَّعَامَ.
أخرجه لوين في ” أحاديثه “، وابن عساكر، و الحافظ ابن حجر في ” الأحاديث العاليات ” وأخرجه أيضا: أحمد وصححه الألباني في “السلسلة الصحيحة”.

It is narrated from Hamza ibn Suhaib that Suhaib Al-Rumi [RA] used to have the kunya (nickname) “Abu Yahya”, used to say that he is an Arab and used to give out a lot of food to people. So Umar [RA] said to him, “O Suhaib! Why is that you are given the kunya (nickname) “Abu Yahya” (i.e. father of Yahya) while you don’t have a child, you say that you are an Arab, and you give out a lot of food to people while that is excess in wealth?”. So Suhaib [RA] replied, “Without a doubt, the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم gave me the kunya (nickname) “Abu Yahya”. As for your statement about my lineage, I am a man from Namir ibn Qasit from the people of Mawsul (one of the tribes of the Arabs) [i.e. my lineage is Arab] but I was captured as a slave when I was a young boy and as a result I surely neglected my family and people. As for your statement about the food (that I give out), without a doubt the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم used to say,

The best of you are those who give food to people and those who return the Salam (greeting of السلام عليكم)“,

So that is what causes me to give out food to people.”

[Reported by many sources, and declared as authentic by Sh. Al-Albani]

Vocabulary from the Hadith

خِيَارُكُمْ – The best of you.

أَطْعَمَ – To feed, nourish, give to eat.

الطَّعَامَ – Food.

رَدَّ – To return.

Lessons from the Hadith

– It is legitimate to give a kunya to someone who does not have a child.

– The virtues of giving food to people: this is not restricted only to the poor, but it is general and includes guests, friends, etc. We find in the Qur’an, “And they give food, inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to Miskin (poor), the orphan, and the captive” (76:8).

– The virtues of returning the Salam: many times returning of the Salam is neglected, e.g. in gatherings when someone exits while giving the Salam, many people do not return the Salam. However Allah says, “When you are greeted with a greeting (i.e. the Salam), greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.” (4:86), so we must be careful to return all Salams.

wAllahu a’lam.

Sins Falling Like Leaves

Bismillah.

This is a very beautiful hadith.

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّ بِشَجَرَةٍ يَابِسَةِ الْوَرَقِ فَضَرَبَهَا بِعَصَاهُ فَتَنَاثَرَ الْوَرَقُ فَقَالَ:

“إِنَّ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَتُسَاقِطُ مِنْ ذُنُوبِ الْعَبْدِ كَمَا تَسَاقَطَ وَرَقُ هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ”.

أخرجه الترمذى (5/544 ، رقم 3533) ، وحسَّنه الألباني في “التعليق الرغيب” (2 / 249).

It is narrated by Anas [RA] that the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم passed by a tree whose leaves were dry. He hit the tree with his stick and the leaves of the tree scattered. He said,

Alhamdulillah, Subhan Allah, La ilaha il-lal-laahu, and Allahu Akbar – without a shadow of a doubt – drop from the sins of the slave of Allah like the leaves of this tree dropped”.

[Reported by Tirmidhi and graded acceptable by Al-Albani]

Vocabulary:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ – Alhamdulillah – All praises are for Allah.

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ – Subhan Allah – Allah is far removed and above of any and every deficiency.

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ – La ilaha il-lal-laahu – There is no deity/object worthy of worship except Allah.

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ – Allahu Akbar – Allah is the greatest.

Lessons:

– Just like the hitting of the tree caused leaves to fall, utterance of the aforementioned words cause sins to fall.

– The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم used a fabulous example to illustrate his point that was clear, vivid and easy to remember. This is the kind of examples we should also use to communicate our points clearly and effectively. Truly, he was the best of teachers صلى الله عليه و سلم.

Erasing of Sins

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:

“مَا عَلَى الْأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ يَقُولُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ إِلَّا كُفِّرَتْ عَنْهُ خَطَايَاهُ وَلَوْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ”.

أخرجه أحمد (2/158 ، رقم 6479) ، والترمذي (5/509 ، رقم 3460) وحسَّنه الألباني (صحيح الجامع، رقم 5636).

It is narrated from Abdullah ibn Amr al-Aas [RAA] that the Prophet صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said,

“There is nobody on the Earth who says “La ilaha il-lal-laahu wAllahu akbaru wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi” except that his sins are erased even if they were like the foam of the sea”.

[Reported by Imam Ahmad, Tirmidhi and graded as good (hasan) by Al-Albani].

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ – La ilaha il-lal-laahu: There is no deity/object worthy of worship except Allah.

وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ – wAllahu akbaru: And Allah is the greatest.

وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ – wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi: And there is no power and no strength except with Allah.