What is Sitting Mutawarrikan?
Al-Bukhaari narrated from Abu Humayd al-Saa’idi (may Allaah be pleased with him), a description of the prayer of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in which he said: “And when he sat in the final rak’ah, he put his left foot forward and held the other foot upright, and sat on his behind.”
Sitting mutawarrikan means sitting in the tashahhud as described above in the hadith found in Bukhari. For the visual learners:
So, sitting mutawarrikan is sitting in tashahhud as described above in the last rak’ah of prayer. This is the same for both genders. Unlike the normal method of sitting, the butt of the musalli (person who is praying) is on the ground and his/her left foot is snugged under his/her right shin.
When to Sit Mutawarrikan?
This should be done in the final tashahhud if there are two tashahhuds in the prayer. But if the prayer has only one tashahhud, such as Fajr prayer or Sunnah prayers that are offered two by two, then one should sit muftarishan (i.e. the normal way).
So, in conclusion:
Fajr – Normal | Dhuhr/Zuhr – Mutawarrikan | Asr – Mutawarrikan |
Maghrib – Mutawarrikan | Isha – Mutawarrikan |
The sunnahs offered two-by-two (e.g. sunnah of Maghrib) – Normal
- Revive the Sunnah: sit mutawarrikan in your salah. It’s very comfortable and you get ajr for it!
- Help yourself with some ajr by:
- Forwarding this to anyone who you know will benefit.
“Whoever guides anyone to goodness, his reward shall be the same as those who follow his guidance without lessening a bit of their reward.” – Rasool Allah [SAWS]
- Contributing a sunnah by commenting below or emailing me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
“Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward.” – Rasool Allah [SAWS]
WAllahu Ta’ala Alim. The above, FYI, is the Hanbali opinion which I follow. There is a difference of opinion on this issue and you can find out more about other opinions here.